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4 New Year’s Resolutions If You Plan To Retire In 2018


2018 is already upon us and with every new year comes the resolutions. If you’re on the verge of retirement it is even more important to have your financial house in order.  With that thought, I’ve created a list of new year’s resolutions specifically geared to those who plan to retire in 2018.  Those of you who are still a few years away from retirement can also use these tips to get a jump start on planning (reminder: the earlier you start planning the easier it will be). 1) Track your expenses to determine what you need to live on How much money do you need per month to be comfortable? I prefer people calculate this on a monthly basis since many of us can do this with relative ease.  Of course, don’t forget any quarterly or yearly expenses.  This is the most important number when it comes to your retirement.  It...

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Tax Reform: An Example Comparison


On Thursday, the GOP announced details of their tax reform proposal.  The proposal provides additional details on the tax package they intend to implement.  And for the first time they released the actual brackets for each tax rate, which is incredibly important when trying to figure out if you will be better off under the new plan or not.  Let’s dive in to a comparison for one family. John and Mary Smith are both working, age 58 and have no children.  John is earning $75,000/year and contributing $10,000/year to his 401k.  Mary is earning $105,000/year and maxing out her 401k ($24,000/year).  For simple rounding purposes, let’s say they pay $9,400/year in New York state income taxes, $4,000/year in property taxes and $6,000/year in mortgage interest. Here is how it shakes out under the current tax structure and under the proposed tax structure: As you can see, the width of each tax bracket is...

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What’s the “skinny” on tax reform?

tax reform

On Wednesday, the GOP announced details of their tax reform proposal.  The proposal provides insight into changes that are being discussed but still leaves many questions unanswered.  Let’s go over some of the big points.   1. Reduction in tax brackets and tax rates This is a big change as it reduces the number of brackets from seven down to three and lowers the top bracket to 35%.  Congressional committees working on the reforms left room to add a fourth bracket at a higher rate, but that remains to be seen. The skinny: It depends on how wide each bracket extends, but this will likely lower taxes for many people.   2. Doubling the standard deduction to $12,000 for single filers and $24,000 for married couples There will absolutely be winners and losers created from this change.  The itemized deductions calculation would simply be mortgage interest and charitable contributions, which for many people will not result in...

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How Much Do I Need In My 401k To Retire?


Retirement is a relatively new concept and before 1960, it didn’t really exist for most people.  We’re still getting used to the idea of living off our savings during the golden years.  This also begs the question “How much can I safely spend from my savings without running out of money in retirement?’ Unfortunately, we cannot answer this question perfectly because we don’t know three very important things about the future: How long are you going to live? What annualized return will your money earn in retirement? In what sequence will you get these returns? Many people have said they will simply “live off the interest” in retirement.  Well, if you ladder a bunch of five year CDs you’re talking about 2.25% interest or $22,500 on $1 million in savings.  Oh, and don’t forget that the latest inflation rate according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics is 1.7% for the 12 months ending in July...

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The Most Important Number You Need To Know When Thinking About Retirement


When meeting with clients who are about to retire I inevitably come to the question of how much money do you need each year to live on? Very few people have an answer to that question. If you don’t know how much you need how can you ever expect to know if you are ready to retire? Let me give you an example: if someone asked you to help budget how much gas they might need for an upcoming road trip what would you ask them? Obviously you’d ask where they are going.  Now imagine they said they didn’t know.  There would be no way for you to help them because you don’t know if they are driving across the country or across town. Knowing how much you need to live on is vital to preparing for retirement.  Unfortunately this means you need to budget, which is one of those things we...

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Spring Cleaning For Your Retirement


It’s the time of the year where we all go through our stuff to clean out the things we no longer need.  We organize our closets and garages but often neglect to organize our financial lives.  Your personal finances are incredibly important because the amount of stress money troubles can put on a person is enormous.  As you approach retirement it becomes even more important to get things cleaned up.  Here are four tips to help with your retirement spring cleaning: Get Organized Knowledge is power so if you don’t know what your big picture financial situation looks like then it’s time to get organized.  Use a spreadsheet or one of several popular software services like to pull together all of your information.  Once you know where everything is, what the totals are and where your money is flowing, you will have the information you need to take the next step. Consolidate...

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3 Ways To Reduce Your 2016 Taxes (There’s Still Time!)


It’s tax time again (collective groan).  But it doesn’t necessarily have to be painful, especially if you can find some tax savings that result in a nice refund.  Most people believe once December 31st passes there is nothing else that can be done to reduce the taxes owed for that year.  Fortunately, that isn’t true.  Here are three ways to reduce your taxes for 2016: 1) Make a Traditional IRA Contribution – You can make an IRA contribution up until April 18th, 2017 and have it count for 2016.  To be perfectly clear, there are two types of IRAs – traditional IRAs and Roth IRAs.  Traditional IRAs provide an upfront tax deduction but you will owe taxes on the money you take out in retirement.  Roth IRAs don’t provide an upfront tax deduction, but the money you take out in retirement is tax-free. The 2016 contribution limit is $5,500 and if you...

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The Problem With Your Gut Feeling


Over the last few months we've heard many clients express concern that they have a feeling something bad is coming.  Very few are able to articulate exactly what they mean by "something bad" but the feeling remains. The reasons have been various: An increasingly polarized political environment Concern over the prospect of rising interest rates Concern over the economy/stock market being overheated Inevitably, the conversation comes down to one thing - selling stocks now before a downturn occurs, despite mountains of research suggesting that no one in history has been able to time the market reliably. The math of selling and getting back in later The first argument against selling now and getting back in "when things look better" is purely mathematical.  Not only do you have to correctly predict when the decline will start but you also have to get back in before the recovery happens. If we simply assume a 50% chance of getting...

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4 Ways To Give Thanks (And Save Money)


Thanksgiving is upon us, and with that, many people take the time to reflect on the things they are thankful for.  I, for one, am thankful for the health and happiness of my family, especially our newest member, Piper (our Havanese puppy).  Beyond that, I am thankful for the ability and means to help others, which can mean financial planning to help someone save money or through the ability to donate to my favorite charity.  In light of that, here are four ways to give thanks and save money at the same time. 1) The old fashioned way – donate cash.  Charities can always use cash to fund their budgets and cover their expenses.  It is as simple as writing a check or a few clicks on their website.  Remember to keep your receipts though so you can deduct your contribution on your tax return if you itemize. 2) Donate old stuff. ...

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IRS Announces New Rules to Avoid IRA Rollover Penalties


Imagine this scenario: you’ve left your old employer and you want to roll your $100,000 401k to an IRA you have elsewhere.  You file the appropriate paperwork and the 401k provider mails you a check in your name for the $100,000.  Then, unexpectedly, your brother in California dies.  You rush out to be with your family during this difficult time.  Meanwhile, you forget to deposit the check to your IRA and more than two months pass before you remember. Under this scenario, the IRS would consider the full $100,000 as a taxable withdrawal because you did not deposit the check in an IRA within 60 days.  The taxes and penalties alone could amount to more than $25,000.  In the past, you would have to request a private letter ruling, which doesn’t guarantee a waiver and costs $10,000 just to file. The new IRS rules announced on August 25th, allow for a “self-certification”...

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